• Keloid scars appear slowly over months beyond the initial wound edges, while hypertrophic scars typically develop over a period of weeks and stay within the original margins of the wound

  • People of African descent have a higher incidence of keloid formation

  • They can present as firm, rubbery nodules or large plaques in an area of prior skin injury

  • Keloids are caused by abnormal wound healing. 

  • Management includes occlusive dressing, compression therapy, intralesional steroids, intralesional and topical 5-fluorouracil, cryotherapy, excision, radiation, and laser


- McGinty S, Siddiqui WJ.  Keloid. 2020 Jan 10. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2020 Jan–.

- Betarbet U, Blalock TW. Keloids: A Review of Etiology, Prevention, and Treatment J Clin Aesthet Dermatol. 2020 Feb;13(2):33-43.