Keloid scars appear slowly over months beyond the initial wound edges, while hypertrophic scars typically develop over a period of weeks and stay within the original margins of the wound
People of African descent have a higher incidence of keloid formation
They can present as firm, rubbery nodules or large plaques in an area of prior skin injury
Keloids are caused by abnormal wound healing.
Management includes occlusive dressing, compression therapy, intralesional steroids, intralesional and topical 5-fluorouracil, cryotherapy, excision, radiation, and laser
- McGinty S, Siddiqui WJ. Keloid. 2020 Jan 10. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2020 Jan–.
- Betarbet U, Blalock TW. Keloids: A Review of Etiology, Prevention, and Treatment J Clin Aesthet Dermatol. 2020 Feb;13(2):33-43.